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02-07-2008, 09:06
00:48 EUR/USD: Above 1.5800 As USD/JPY Gives USD Offered Tone Sydney, July 2: The EUR/USD has broken back above 1.5800, as the fall in the USD/JPY below 106.00 has given the USD a broadly offered tone. There is stiff resistance in the EUR/USD between 1.5825/45 and there is talk that regional central banks have selling orders in that window. Stops are above 1.5850. The EUR/USD trades 1.5803/08. [email protected]

02-07-2008, 09:09
22:04 Fed"s Lockhart: US Dollar Depreciation Has Helped US Exports - Reuters Sydney, July 2: The Fed"s Lockhart is on the wires and among his comments was "Dollar depreciation and strong overseas growth have helped US exports." His comment regarding the US dollar is similar to ones made by Fed officials until the beginning of June when Bernanke signaled that the weak US dollar was creating added and unwelcome inflation pressures.
Lockhart also said that the Fed must react decisively against inflation spilling over into wages, but added that there are no signs of this happening yet. He said that the Fed must be especially vigilant on inflation expectations. [email protected]

02-07-2008, 21:58
ECB: Preview of July 3 Meeting

At its meeting in June, the ECB caught everybody by surprise when Mr Trichet said, "... we could decide to move our rates (by) a small amount at our next meeting (in July)". Having sounded this warning, it is hard to see the ECB not pulling the trigger without losing credibility.
However, we do not expect a hike in July to mark the beginning of a new hiking cycle. The ECB still has to perform a difficult balancing act between dwindling growth prospects with downside risks and high inflation with upside risks and fears of second-round effects. In our view, a hike would contribute to an even more pronounced weakening of the economy. Should inflation expectations go up, though, further rate hikes cannot be ruled out. By raising rates in July, the ECB clearly signals that it will not tolerate any damage to its credibility. If sustained, the recent increases in oil prices might trigger further increases in the leading rates. Uncertainty surrounding our call on the ECB rate is unusually high.

The ECB is in a difficult position. The central bank is being forced to hike rates by sharply rising inflation against a backdrop of a rapid decline in economic activity.
At the ECB press conference in June, Mr Trichet was very hawkish compared to previous months. He mentioned that the ECB is "in a state of heightened alertness", as risks to price stability over the medium term have increased further and that "... we could decide to move our rates (by) a small amount at our next meeting ". Thus the ECB sent a clear signal that rates were to be increased at the meeting in July.
The ECB gave itself an escape route if economic developments were to disappoint during the next month by omitting "strong vigilance", which is the phrase usually used by the ECB when a decision to change rates at the next meeting has been made. However, floating the idea of an interest rate rise in July means the ECB is under intense pressure to deliver, and we do not feel that the data have been sufficiently weak for the ECB to back down.
Activity in both the manufacturing and service sectors contracted in June. PMI fell below 50. The German economy now also seems to be affected by the strong headwinds that have been hitting the Euroland economy. German business confidence fell markedly in June, to its lowest level since December 2005 – with the Ifo index at 101.3 from 103.5 in May mirroring a sharp decline in the ZEW index (to -52.4 from -41.4). Furthermore, both German Manufacturing PMI (down from 53.6 to 52.6) and consumer confidence were weak. French PMI is in freefall (with manufacturing PMI going from almost 54 to just above 49 in 4 months), and consumer confidence hit a record low for the sixth straight month at -46. Spanish consumer confidence also hit a historic low. Italian consumer confidence tumbled, and Italian manufacturing PMI is at its lowest since 2001. Thus the Euroland economy is clearly cooling very fast at the moment.
In our view the ECB is not planning a succession of rate hikes. The economy simply looks too weak. Our view is supported by comments made by both Mr Trichet and by several members of the board. For instance, Mr Trichet, in his session at the European Parliament in June, mentioned that "(I) did not say that we envisaged a series of increases. That being said ... of course we never pre-commit". The latter sentence is of the utmost importance, as it highlights that the leading rates could be raised further, though this is not on the cards at the moment.
On the other hand, the inflation pain keeps getting worse in Euroland as oil prices continue to rise. Inflation remains well above target, hitting a record high of 4% in June. Furthermore, if oil prices stay at current levels, inflation is likely to edge even higher and stay elevated for longer. This could force the ECB to raise rates more than once despite the weak growth projections. What is important for the ECB is that the high inflation rates do not feed through to wages and long-term inflation expectations, which would endanger ECB credibility. After months of relative stability, the Commission's economic survey showed that industry selling price expectations jumped to 16 points from 13 points in May, and consumer inflation expectations for the next 12 months also jumped, rising to 31 points from 28 in May. Furthermore, wages, which the ECB is monitoring closely for signs of knock-on inflation effects, jumped in the first quarter as hourly labour costs increased 3.3% year-on-year.
We expect the ECB to express its concern about this development and once again highlight that the period of elevated inflation could be even more protracted. It will likely continue to clearly warn that it will not tolerate second-round effects. The bank is likely to say that it finds the rate adjustment appropriate for doing the job, but that they do not pre-commit. We also expect the ECB to use a somewhat milder rhetoric than in June to ensure that it does not feed expectations of a rate hike in August. After all, if the ECB follows its usual schedule, any additional change in rates is not likely before the meeting in October.
Market interpretation

If the ECB increases its leading rates it will come as no surprise, so the move will have no major impact on the markets. Pivotal to market reaction will be any comments concerning possible future changes in rates. However, what the interpretation of the statement and the press conference by the financial markets will be is a tricky matter at the moment. We do not expect the ECB to make very conclusive remarks on future rates, but rather to repeat that it never pre-commits. Thus the ECB will leave the door open and not rule out a further hike later this year, depending on the incoming data. A slightly more concerned view on growth balanced by even greater inflation worries is the general expectation.
Meanwhile, markets are well ahead of the ECB, pricing almost 80bp worth of rate hikes over the coming year. Should Trichet make very conclusive comments (whether it is "no more hikes" or "more hikes to come") they would have a considerable market impact.
Selected comments made by members of the ECB Council since the meeting last month

Weber, June 5
"The ECB is not split -- we have sent a clear message to the markets about what to expect in the near future ... we have to let deeds follow words".
Mersch, June 6
... an increase on Thursday (at the meeting in June) would have been a surprise for financial markets and the ECB did not want to increase the tense market situation further. (Not quoted directly).
Weber, June 6
"The Governing Council has sent a clear signal to markets and to the broader public yesterday, which seems to have been well understood ... "
"While we will see a moderation in growth rates over the coming quarters, both in the euro area and also in Germany, already at the turn of the year we will have reached the trough"
Liikanen, June 10
"The medium-term risks to price stability have increased further. We have to ensure that inflation expectations remain firmly anchored to the objective of price stability."
Noyer, June 11
"I do not see a clear link between what the president of the ECB said in the name of the Governing Council and (market) expectations". (Thus questioning markets post-summer rate views).
Stark, June 11
"However, we are not talking about a series of rate increases"
Bini Smaghi, June 12
"Markets do their own valuations and it's up to them (to do them but) indications given last week were for next month, not beyond ... "
Trichet, June 25
"I did not say that we envisaged a series of increases That being said ... of course we never precommit"

Danske Bank (http://www.danskebank.com/danskeresearch)

02-07-2008, 22:00
Technical Market View


AUD rose to previous tops at 0.9650 area, but it could not breach that level. First support is found at 0,9500 . As long as these levels hold, the move may be continued until 0.9700-30 area, where it should be limited. In case of a downward break of 0,9500, next target will be at 0,9400-20 and 0,9350-70, which is a strong support level...


The base of 1,6000-20 held the move, and a retracement towards 1,6230-50 seems as the most possi-ble scenario. First interim resis-tance is found at 1,6150-60...


The triangle formation continues to set the ranges. Its downward part was tested success-fully and we expect the rise to continue until the area of 0,7990-8010. Bears will probably gain momentum at this area..


Sell positions, we had suggested at 169.00-50 top, were profitable, and we wait for these levels to be reached again, or even a further rise to 170.00-20 area. Sell positions will be tried, if these levels are reached, with stops above 172.00 and target at 165.50 area...


The retracement from the middle Bollinger indicates that important resistance at 214.00-50 will be tested again. Sell positions could be tried there...


The retracement from 1.0100 support, was expected. The move is likely to continue to 1.0290-00...


Gold moves towards 952,00-954,00, levels that should not be breached without retracement. Our target will be at 910,00...


Resistance at 18,20-30 and 18,70-80, are the levels that we will set our targets. The second area is not likely to be breached without re-tracement...


Oil moved to new tops and targets are now at 149,50-150,00 area. A corrective move from those levels is possible.


Reversal signs for Dow, which seems to have as possible target the area of 11650-700. Retracement should be limited there as bears are likely to gain momen-tum and lead euro to previous lows...

FX Greece (http://www.fxgreece.gr/managed)

02-07-2008, 22:01
JPY - Blinded by Inflation

The financial players generally find it difficult to concentrate on more than one thing at a time. The schism between slowing growth on the one hand and rising inflation on the other was a lot to cope with, and market players concentrated squarely on rising inflation. This change of focus resulted in widespread inflation phobia, which could not but affect the USD/JPY rate. The rate subsequently strengthened nicely in spite of the general rise in risk aversion in the financial markets.
The wider swap spread between the US and Japan was therefore one of the main reasons for the rise in the USD/JPY rate. The rise was regarded by many as 'unnatural' given the reawakened risk aversion which is under normal circumstances poison to a funding currency like the yen. The fact that market players have focused squarely on the cocktail of rising inflation/runaway US yields/historically low Japanese yields has caused this yen characteristic to be completely neglected for a time.
That risk aversion has not affected the USD/JPY exchange rate is evident in the current lack of correlation between the VIX Index and the USD/JPY rate. Since we still anticipate general high financial volatility, we expect the correlation to return like a thief in the night and pull down the USD/JPY rate. If the market players change focus to the generally crumbling economic growth, this may spark off the development.
Some of the pressure which the yen has been subjected to recently was caused by capital outflow from Japan, chiefly to the US. Japanese appetite for direct investment in the US has increased lately in line with the weakening of the dollar. If we are right and the dollar strengthens markedly, the incentive will be reduced, though not quite obliterated. Moreover, renewed problems in the domestic economy, which cannot be ruled out under the current circumstances, may temporarily put off Japanese investment in the US, and in that case the sustained Japanese-driven selling pressure against the yen will ease significantly.
From the technical point of view, the USD/JPY rate is still in a long-run downtrend - a downtrend which has lately met challenged sharply. After repeatedly nudging the 200-day moving average, the cross rate has recognised defeat and is falling again. The trend is still alive, although it has been more impressive earlier than it is at the present time. Nevertheless, we expect the downtrend to last a good long time yet thanks to a significant general yen appreciation, which is expected to materialise at the beginning of the holiday season. We recommend investors to wear dark shades to avoid being blinded by the treacherously weak yen. Remember the yen's history of rising phoenix-like from the ashes. And often when you least expect it!

Rising USD/JPY rate after rise in dollar rates

Obviously, the wider swap spread between the US and Japan as a result of recent weeks' rise in US rates has been one of the major reasons for the rise in the USD/JPY rate
Expecting another two interest rate cuts by the Fed - and resultant lower dollar interest rates - we expect the swap spread between the US and Japan to narrow again
he swap spread is not expected to support a higher USD/JPY rate in the future.

Turning a blind eye on USD/JPY & VIX

It is quite odd that the rise in AUD/USD is not on level with the global growth estimates by the IMF
Expected lower global growth for both 2008 and 2009 should realistically have driven the growth-dependent AUD lower, but this has not been the case yet
As a commodity currency the correlation between global growth and thus the demand for commodities has been an important parameter for the price development of AUD

Sustained inflow of funds from Japan to the US

The Japanese capital inflow into the US has increased in line with the weakening of the dollar
Also, Japanese direct investment in the US is rising • This means that it is the Japanese themselves that help to keep JPY weak against USD

Jyske Markets - FX Research